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One of the degenerative joint diseases that causes pain, swelling, and stiffness is osteoarthritis. This has a significant impact on a person's capacity to carry out daily tasks. Usually, it affects not just the surrounding tissues but the entire joint. It typically affects the hips, hands, knees, and spine. Numerous factors, such as advanced age, excessive body weight, and a history of joint injury or overuse, contribute to the development of this disease. Women are typically more affected than male are.. Early-stage disease symptoms can be reduced with exercise and a good diet. However, in extreme cases, joint replacement surgery becomes absolutely necessary to relieve pain and restore mobility.
One of the best and most successful orthopedic surgical treatments known presently is total knee replacement surgery. Excellent long-term results, ranging from 90% to 98%, are known to be delivered by it. Correct leg axis restoration, precise component positioning, and accurate ligament balancing are just a few of the technical requirements that must be strictly followed for the procedure to be successful. Correct joint exposure is also a determining factor. Ensuring proper positioning and alignment of prosthetic components is crucial in order to minimize errors and prevent early mechanical implant failure.
Knee replacement surgery is performed for replacing an injured or worn-out knee joint completely or partially. The surgery may improve both pain and knee mobility. A surgeon evaluates the strength, stability, and range of motion of your knee to figure out if a knee replacement is an appropriate option for you. X-rays aid in determining the extent of damage. The most appropriate artificial joints and surgical methods for you will be determined by your knee size and shape, age, weight, level of activity, and overall health.
The most common reason for this surgery is to relieve arthritis pain. Patients who need this surgery usually experience difficulty getting out of chairs, walking, and navigating stairs. If only one section of the knee is damaged, surgeons typically replace only that portion. If the joint needs to be replaced, the thigh and shin bone ends are reshaped, and the joint is completely resurfaced. These bones are made up of hard tubes that have soft centers. The artificial components' ends are inserted into the softer central part of the bones.
Ligaments are tissue bands that help to hold joints together. If the knee ligaments are not strong enough to hold the joint together on their own, the surgeon may choose implants with connectable components.
Your doctor will recommend either total or partial knee replacement based on the extent of the impairment or damage as well as the individual's overall health:
Knee replacement implants are of the following types:
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) reports that 90% of patients who get a knee replacement experience significant relief in pain. For many patients, knee replacement helps them to stay active and return hobbies they previously enjoyed, like walking and playing golf.
As per AAOS, over 90 % of replacement knees are still functioning even after 15 years. According to a 2019 study, 82 % of total knee replacements are still functioning even after 25 years of surgery. A successful knee replacement has potential to offer you a higher quality of life, better mobility, and lesser pain.
Following are the factors affecting the cost of knee replacement surgery in India:
In today’s scenario, there has been advancement in the surgical orthopedics field especially joint replacement surgeries. It has shown a fast-paced development in the recent decades. In the last few years, an exponential rise in the number of joint replacement surgeries was noticed in India. Numerous government programmes for the lower classes and the implementation of price caps have also contributed to this surge, enabling individuals who previously would not have had access to joint replacement surgeries to now undergo operations on a regular basis. A market survey indicates that the number of joint replacement surgeries performed in India is rising annually. It was estimated that 2,00,000 knee arthroplasty procedures will be performed in India in 2020. The number of businesses offering implants has also grown significantly over the past ten years. As of now, both domestic and international businesses offer implants in India.
India is home to various skilled orthopedic surgeons. Moreover, the advanced healthcare infrastructure and facilities make India a right choice for undergoing any orthopedic surgery. Therefore, choosing the best doctors for knee replacement surgery and the best hospitals for knee replacement surgery in India is getting easier every day. Furthermore, the cost of this surgery in India is very affordable in comparison to developed nations.
Can I go for knee replacement if I am diabetic or hypertensive?
Yes, you can undergo knee replacement even if you are hypertensive or diabetic. But you need to inform your doctor about all the diseases you are suffering from during your medical history taking process. This will help your doctor to prepare a treatment plan accordingly.
How long will the surgery last?
Generally, a knee replacement procedure takes one to two hours. However, the duration may differ from individual to individual.
What else can be done for knee arthritis besides surgery?
Various medicines and supplements can help to manage knee arthritis in the initial stages. But surgery for the joint replacement becomes very necessary in severe cases to reduce pain and regain mobility.
Which type of replacement would benefit me?
Depending upon the extent of damage, your doctor will discuss with you whether you require total knee replacement or partial knee replacement.
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