Everything you need to know about Cervical Cancer

icon-blog By -Dr. Kanika Sharma
icon-blog By -September 20, 2023
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Cervical Cancer can elicit a range of feelings, from dread and uncertainty to hope and determination. Remember that information is power as you read through this site. Understanding the basics of Cervical Cancer will help you make informed decisions, reduce anxiety, and find comfort in knowing that you are not alone on this path. This in-depth guide will teach you all you need to know about cervical cancer, from signs and causes to diagnosis and treatment choices.

What exactly is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical Cancer develops in the cervix, which is the bottom portion of the uterus that links to the vagina. It frequently grows slowly, giving the opportunity for early discovery and treatment. Cervical Cancer is caused mostly by certain factors like the Human papillomavirus (HPV) strains which are a type of virus that is spread through sexual contact.

Cervical Cancer Symptoms: 

Cervical Cancer may not exhibit any symptoms in its early stages. But as the condition advances, you may notice:

  • Abnormal Bleeding: A sign could be unusual bleeding, such as bleeding between periods, after intercourse, or after Menopause.
  • Persistent Pelvic Pain, discomfort, or pressure, particularly during intercourse, may suggest Cervical Cancer.
  • Increased, foul-smelling vaginal discharge is a possible sign.
  • Advanced Cervical Cancer may be associated with blood in the urine or frequent urination.

Causes and Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer:

HPV infection is the leading cause of Cervical Cancer. Other factors that may enhance your risk are as follows:

  • Infection with HPV: The majority of cases of Cervical Cancer are caused by HPV high-risk strains. HPV testing should be done on a regular basis.
  • Use of Tobacco: Tobacco use impairs the immune system and raises the risk of Cervical Cancer.
  • Weak Immune System: A weakened immune system as a result of illnesses such as HIV/AIDS can increase the risk.
  • Long-term Birth Control Usage: Long-term usage of birth control pills may increase the risk slightly.
  • Multiple Pregnancies: Having three or more children may raise your risk of developing Cervical Cancer.

Accurate diagnosis is essential for effective treatment when it comes to Cervical Cancer. Regular screenings and examinations are required and the following are the primary diagnostic methods:

  • Pap Smear: A Pap smear is a regular test that can detect abnormal Cervical cells before they develop into Cancer.
  • HPV Testing: This test detects high-risk HPV strains. It improves accuracy when combined with a Pap smear.
  • Biopsy: If abnormal cells are found, a biopsy may be conducted to confirm the diagnosis.

Read More: Best Countries for Cancer Treatment 

Cervical Cancer Stages

Cervical Cancer is graded from 0 to IV, reflecting its progression. Treatment options differ depending on these stages. The stages are as follows:

  • Stage 0: There are abnormal cells present, but the cancer has not progressed to deeper tissues.
  • Stages I and II: Cancer is restricted to the cervix or has spread to adjacent sites in 
  • Stage III: Cancer has progressed to the lower vagina or adjacent lymph nodes at this stage.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to distant organs such as the lungs or liver at this stage.

Treatment Options

Your treatment strategy will be determined by the stage of your Cancer, your overall health, and your personal preferences. Among the treatment options are:

  • Surgery: Early-stage cervical cancer is frequently curable. Surgery is used to treat uterine cancer, which may involve removing malignant tissue or the entire uterus.
  • Radiation Therapy: High-energy rays target and destroy cancer cells in radiation therapy. It is used from the beginning to the end of the process.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to either kill or inhibit the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used in conjunction with other treatments.
  • Targeted Therapy: These medications target specific chemicals that contribute to cancer growth. They could be employed in more advanced instances.
  • Immunotherapy: It is a new therapeutic approach that involves boosting the body's immune system to combat cancer cells.

Coping and Emotional Support

Being diagnosed with Cervical Cancer can be emotionally taxing. Remember that you are not alone and seek the help of friends, family, or support groups. Taking care of your emotional health is just as important as taking care of your physical health.


While there is still an ongoing search for a cure, there is hope for the future. You can dramatically reduce your risk of developing Cervical Cancer by:

  • HPV Vaccination: Vaccines for various high-risk HPV strains are available.
  • Screenings on a Regular Basis: Pap smears and HPV tests can detect suspicious cells before they become malignant.

The use of condoms can help lower the risk of HPV transmission.

A healthy lifestyle that includes eating balanced food, not smoking, and keeping a healthy weight.

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