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As per the World Health Organization (WHO) data from 2020, prostate cancer is identified as the third most frequently detected Cancer. Its occurrence rates vary considerably worldwide, spanning from 6 to 83 instances per 100,000 individuals. Among men, it takes the position of the second most common cancer diagnosis and contributes as the fifth leading cause of global mortality. Estimates suggest that developed nations tend to exhibit a higher prevalence of this Cancer. Notably, both the occurrence and fatality rates of Prostate Cancer are closely associated with age, with the highest instances observed in older men (above the age of 65).
The characteristics of Prostate Cancer encompass a diverse range. During its initial stages, it might not show symptoms and often follows a slow progression. This underscores the importance of timely and suitable treatment as well as vigilant monitoring. Such assessments are reliant on the proficiency of the medical practitioner. In India, doctors exhibit notable qualifications and distinct expertise in the realm of Cancer diagnosis and treatment.
Even as an emerging nation, India is swiftly transforming into a prominent hub for Cancer healthcare. Particularly, medical establishments in India have been making significant progress in the field of Cancer therapy, including the specialization of prostate cancer treatment. As a result, the task of finding the best doctor for Prostate Cancer treatment and the best hospital for prostate cancer treatment is becoming more convenient and cost-effective with each passing year.
Cancer begins when cells within the body experience uncontrolled growth. Cells can undergo such transformation in any body part, potentially spreading to other regions. Prostate Cancer originates within the Prostate Gland, a male organ, when cells within the gland start proliferating without restraint. This gland produces a particular fluid that is part of semen.
Prostate Gland is positioned beneath the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum. Adjacent to the prostate lie seminal vesicles, responsible for producing the majority of semen fluid. The Urethra, a tube responsible for expelling urine and semen through the penis, passes through the centre of the prostate.
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The approach to your treatment is influenced by several elements, encompassing your general health status, the extent of cancer dissemination, and its rate of progression. Depending on the chosen treatment methods, you might collaborate with diverse medical professionals, such as Urologists, Radiation Oncologists, and Medical Oncologists. The majority of Prostate Cancers identified at an early stage can be successfully addressed through treatment:
Various treatment modalities include:
1. Surveillance: Instead of administering treatment, your doctor might choose to observe your situation if your Cancer exhibits gradual growth and remains localized.
2. Radical Prostatectomy: A radical prostatectomy involves the removal of a diseased prostate gland and is often effective in eradicating localized prostate cancers. If your healthcare provider deems this surgery appropriate for you, they will recommend the most suitable removal approach which can be conventional open radical prostatectomy and robotic radical prostatectomy.
3. Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy may be administered as a sole approach for addressing Prostate Cancer or in conjunction with other therapies. It can also alleviate symptoms associated with the
4. Systemic Treatments: In the event that cancer extends beyond the prostate gland, your healthcare provider might suggest systemic therapies. These therapies disperse substances throughout your body to either eliminate cancer cells or hinder their growth.
5. Focal Therapy: Focal Therapy, a novel treatment approach, eradicates tumors within the prostate. This method is recommended if the cancer is low-risk and hasn't spread. It involves:
The majority of Prostate Cancers are initially detected through screening methods that are mentioned below:
In the early stages, Prostate Cancers typically do not manifest symptoms, whereas symptoms may arise when the Cancer advances. When there is suspicion of Prostate Cancer due to screening outcomes or symptoms, additional tests are necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Initial assessment for this Cancer treatment typically involves a series of steps to gather essential information about the cancer's extent, characteristics, and the overall health of the patient. Here's a general outline of the pre-evaluation process for Prostate Cancer treatment:
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The majority of prostate cancers are detected in their early stages through screening. Typically, early-stage prostate cancer doesn't exhibit any symptoms. In cases of more advanced prostate cancers, symptoms may manifest, including:
Inherited Genes: The precise origins of Prostate Cancer remain unclear to researchers. DNA mutations can trigger cancer by either keeping oncogenes (genes responsible for cell growth, division, and survival) in a perpetually active state or by deactivating tumor suppressor genes. Such alterations in gene function can result in unregulated cell growth. Certain gene mutations are capable of being transmitted from one generation to another (inherited) and are present in all bodily cells. It is estimated that inherited gene mutations contribute to approximately 10% of prostate cancers. Cancers stemming from inherited genes are termed as hereditary cancer.
Acquired Genes: Certain genes undergo mutations within an individual's lifespan, and these mutations are not transferred to offspring. Such alterations are present exclusively in cells stemming from the previously mutated cell. These mutations are referred to as acquired mutations. The majority of gene mutations linked to prostate cancer appear to emerge over the course of a man's life, as opposed to being inherited. The risk factors behind acquired gene mutation are:
Possible complications associated with the treatment encompass:
Continued attention for individuals diagnosed with prostate cancer doesn't conclude once active treatment is completed. Your medical team will persist in ensuring that the cancer doesn't resurface, addressing any side effects, and overseeing your overall well-being. This continuum of care is known as follow-up care. Your follow-up regimen may involve regular physical check-ups, medical assessments, or a combination of both. Medical professionals aim to monitor your progress in the months and years following treatment.
Given that risks differ from person to person, discussing your risk profile with your doctor is crucial to establish an appropriate schedule for follow-up care. Cancer rehabilitation might be recommended, encompassing a broad spectrum of services like physical therapy, occupational therapy, vocational guidance, pain management, nutritional planning, and emotional counseling. The objective of rehabilitation is to empower individuals to regain control over various aspects of their lives and sustain a degree of independence.
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Regardless of the specific cancer type, treatments frequently lead to side effects that influence the well-being of patients for lifetime. In the context of prostate cancer, potential side effects can be especially worrisome for men in making treatment decisions.
Prostate Cancer treatments frequently influence a patient's sexual life. Surgical procedures, radiation therapy, and other treatments can result in side effects such as decreased sexual desire, reduction in penis size, dry orgasm, decreased sperm count, and/or erectile dysfunction. However, professionals affirm that the majority of these side effects are controllable, and many men have a favorable chance of restoring a healthy sexual life following prostate cancer treatment.
Apart from medications, pellets, injections, pumps, and implants, there are additional strategies available to counteract side effects following Prostate Cancer treatment. Some of these methods are outlined below.
If Prostate Cancer is identified in its early stages, the prognosis is highly favorable. Nearly all individuals, around 99%, who are diagnosed with localized cancer that hasn't extended beyond the prostate, survive for at least five years post-diagnosis. In cases where Prostate Cancer has metastasized, or spread beyond the prostate, the survival rates are not as promising. About 32% of individuals with metastatic Prostate Cancer remain alive five years after diagnosis.
Keep in mind that medical information and cost of prostate cancer treatment can vary over time and by location, so it's important to consult with medical professionals and financial advisors for the most up-to-date and accurate information. The lowest cost for treating Prostate Cancer in India begins approximately at $1130. On average, the expense for this treatment in India is around $4951.
The highest expenses can go up to $13,224. After accounting for the aforementioned elements, the expense associated with treating prostate cancer in India can range from approximately $1130 to $13,224. In contrast, undergoing equivalent treatment in the United States is priced at approximately $250,000.
Cost Analysis and comparison based on the location of a the Cancer Care facility:
|Cost ( $ )
|$3800 - $12500
|$3800 - $12000
|$3800 - $3200
|$3500 - $11500
Cost Analysis and comparison based on an approximate cost split:
|Pre-treatment cost [Imaging, biopsy, uroflowmetry]
|$481.27 to $601.59
Nonetheless, the cost of Prostate Cancer treatment in India might fluctuate contingent on the subsequent key aspects:
The expenses associated with diagnosing prostate cancer might encompass several preliminary assessments and examinations performed prior to the primary treatment. These supplementary costs cover diagnostic procedures like X-rays, CT (computed tomography) scans, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans, PET (positron emission tomography) scan, biopsies, and other diagnostic evaluations. The overall costs for these tests can range from INR 40,000 to INR 50,000.
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