Everything You Need to Know About In Vitro-fertilization (IVF) in India

icon-blog By -Dr. Kanika Sharma
icon-blog By -September 23, 2023
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Infertility stands as a significant public health concern, carrying profound societal repercussions. Across cultures, the paramount importance of parenthood is evident, as it forms the bedrock upon which societal structures are built. Even in societies boasting robust support systems, the primary responsibility for the care and sustenance of aging parents invariably falls upon the shoulders of their offspring. It is no surprise that the burden of childlessness disproportionately affects women in comparison to men.

In the United States, amongst married women aged between 15 to 49 who have not previously experienced childbirth, roughly 19% (1 in 5) face difficulties achieving pregnancy even after actively attempting to conceive for a year.

It underscores the importance of advanced medical technologies such as IVF ((In-Vitro Fertilization) in surmounting the barriers to unattainable parenthood. While IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization) is not without its challenges and complexities, it has undeniably provided countless individuals and couples with the possibility of realizing their dreams of parenthood and has revolutionized the field of reproductive medicine.

The cost of In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in India is notably budget-friendly when compared to international standards. Additionally, the presence of highly proficient medical experts, in conjunction with a competitive market landscape, encourages cost-effective approaches. Therefore, access to finding best doctor for IVF and best hospital for IVF treatment in India is getting easier and more comfortable everyday.

When In Vitro-fertilization (IVF) is opted for conception?

In Vitro-Fertilization (IVF) is a process where a woman's egg and a man's sperm are combined in a laboratory dish. "In Vitro" denotes that this takes place outside the body, and "Fertilization" indicates that the sperm has adhered to and penetrated the egg.

IVF becomes the primary treatment option in situations where infertility results from obstructed fallopian tubes or significant male infertility issues. In other scenarios, a woman's age and the duration of her fertility struggles play a pivotal role in determining the appropriate approach. In Indian women, ovarian aging tends to happen sooner compared to their Caucasian counterparts, underscoring the importance of proactive consideration of treatment options once they reach the age of thirty. Additionally, IVF stands as a viable reproductive choice for same-sex couples or individuals desiring parenthood without a partner. Additionally, it can serve the purpose of facilitating Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT) of embryos.

IVF also stands out as the highly effective Fertility treatment for individuals facing following challenges:

  • Endometriosis
  • Pelvic adhesions
  • Unexplained infertility
  • Prolonged fertility struggles

How is In Vitro-fertilization (IVF) performed?

The process of In Vitro-fertilization (IVF) involves following steps:

  • Egg Production Enhancement: Fertility medications, containing Follicle Stimulating Hormone, will kickstart a process called stimulation. The greater the number of eggs produced, the higher the chances of successful fertilization during later stages of treatment. During this phase of the IVF procedure, you'll undergo routine transvaginal ultrasounds and blood tests to monitor your ovaries and hormone levels.
  • Retrieval of Eggs: Next, the eggs are retrieved from your body. A little over a day before this procedure, you'll receive a hormone injection to expedite the maturation of your eggs. The eggs are typically collected through a minor surgical procedure called follicular aspiration, which is often performed as an outpatient procedure. During the procedure, your doctor will utilize ultrasound guidance to insert a thin needle through your vagina into each ovary. The needle is equipped with a device that gently extracts the eggs one by one. If this process seems uncomfortable, you'll likely receive medication beforehand to minimize any discomfort. You may experience some cramping afterward, but this usually subsides within a day.
  • Sperm Collection from Male Partner or Donor: While your eggs are being collected, your partner will provide a sperm sample, or you may opt for donor sperm. The sperm undergoes a thorough purification process to select the healthiest ones.
  • Insemination and fertilization: The next step in IVF is the familiar process of uniting the best sperm with your highest-quality eggs, referred to as insemination. Typically, it takes a few hours for sperm to fertilize an egg. Alternatively, your doctor may directly inject the sperm into the egg, a technique known as Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).
  • Embryo Culture & Transfer: Following the egg retrieval, you'll receive another medication to prepare the lining of your uterus for the subsequent embryo transfer. About three to five days after fertilization, your doctor will introduce the embryos into your uterus using a catheter. Multiple embryos are often transferred in the hope that at least one will implant itself in the uterine lining and initiate development. Sometimes, more than one embryo successfully implants, explaining the occurrence of multiples in women who undergo IVF. In essence, the IVF process emulates natural reproduction. The final step following IVF is to determine its success through a pregnancy test.

How successful is In Vitro-fertilization (IVF) Treatment?

IVF Success Rates Under 35: According to the Society for Reproductive Technology (SART), the live birth rate through IVF for women under 35 stands at 55.6%. When considering the first embryo transfer, the live birth rate is 41.4%. In cases of subsequent embryo transfers, the live birth rate hovers around 47%.

IVF Success Rates 35 to 37: In the age group of 35 to 37, the IVF success rate with one's own eggs is 40.8%. For the first embryo transfer, the live birth rate is 31.6%. However, with a second or subsequent embryo transfer, the live birth rate increases to 44.7%.

IVF Success Rates 38 to 40: For women aged 38 to 40, the success rate notably drops to 26.8% compared to the 35 to 37 age group. In this category, 22.3% experience a live birth with the first embryo transfer, while 40.9% achieve a live birth with second or subsequent embryo transfers.

IVF Success Rates Over 40: For women over 40, the IVF success rate is approximately 7%, and it's important to highlight that those under 42 tend to have a higher success rate compared to those over 42.

Do children conceived through IVF exhibit any distinctions?

Children born through IVF typically do not display noteworthy differences in terms of health, intelligence, or physical fitness when compared to those conceived naturally. Extensive research and multiple studies have consistently revealed that IVF-conceived children achieve developmental outcomes akin to their naturally conceived peers. It's important to note, however, that individual variances can exist, but these distinctions are generally not attributed to the IVF procedure itself; instead, they are often associated with factors like the underlying causes of infertility or the parents' age.

Why is India the better place to avail In Vitro-fertilization (IVF)?

It's reassuring to know that the cost of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) in India are remarkably affordable, all while maintaining a high standard of healthcare that meets global excellence. Below are some key reasons contributing to India's popularity in the realm of IVF:

  • Cost-Effective Treatment: IVF procedures in India often come at a more budget-friendly price point when compared to many Western nations. The reduced cost of medical procedures and services, coupled with favorable exchange rates for numerous international patients, enhances the accessibility of IVF treatment.
  • Highly Skilled Medical Experts: India is home to a cadre of well-trained and experienced reproductive endocrinologists and fertility specialists who deliver top-notch IVF therapies. Many of these professionals have acquired their education and training from prestigious institutions abroad.
  • Advanced Technological Offerings: Indian fertility centers are at the forefront of IVF technology and offer a wide array of advanced assisted reproductive techniques, such as Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT) and Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).

To Summarize

IVF has delivered the happiness of parenthood to innumerable families across the globe. With the ongoing progress in medical research and technology, the road ahead for IVF appears bright, with the potential for increased success rates and an enhanced journey for patients. With MedFlick as your guide, navigating this life-changing adventure becomes simple and liberating.

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