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Open Heart Surgery

Avg Price: $1784 - $3184

Open Heart Surgery is done to treat various heart conditions, such as heart failure, congenital heart defects, arrhythmias, aneurysms, and coronary artery disease. In this p...
open-heart-surgeryopen-heart-surgery
  • 1 Week

    Treatment Time

  • 8-9 Days

    Recovery Time

  • 8-10 Days

    Hospitalization Days

  • 98%-100%

    Success Rate

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Open Heart Surgery: Preparation, Procedure, Recovery, Treatment Outcomes, & Cost Analysis

95% Success Rate
11000+ Doctors
150+ Top Hospitals
250+ Surgeries
35+ Countries
95% Success Rate
11000+ Doctors
150+ Top Hospitals
250+ Surgeries
35+ Countries

Overview

Over the past three decades, cardiovascular disease has emerged as one of the leading causes of both morbidity and mortality in India. The leading factors contributing to this trend include a genetic predisposition and the rapid acquisition of risk factors due to the swift pace of urbanization. According to the National Intervention Council (NIC), over the past several years, there has been a consistent annual increase of 25-30 percent in the count of heart care interventions performed in India. This rise is indicative of the population's improved access to advanced heart care facilities like Open Heart Surgery.

First Open Heart Surgery for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) took place in India in 1975, approximately 13 years after its global introduction in 1962. By the mid-1990s, around 10,000 CABG surgeries were performed annually in India. Presently, industry sources estimate an annual figure of about 60,000 surgeries per year. Better medical facilities have emerged, leading to the widespread availability of coronary interventions and cardiac surgeries in major Indian cities, particularly the metros. The increasing expertise, coupled with heightened awareness and improved affordability among patients, is poised to have a more positive impact in upcoming years. The ongoing development of newer techniques is expected to enhance both short-term and long-term outcomes.

?India boasts numerous healthcare facilities that hold certifications from ISO, JCI, and NABH. Some of the world's leading heart surgeons practice in the country. Patients can be assured of high standards in both treatment and post-operative care, eliminating concerns about quality. The proficiency of Indian doctors and nurses in fluent English ensures seamless communication throughout the medical experience. Therefore, people worldwide have excellent chances to access these services from the best doctors for open heart surgery and best hospitals for open heart surgery in India. If you're seeking insight, today, we will shed light on this procedure and its details.

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Types Of Open Heart Surgery

There are two methods for conducting Open Heart Surgery:

  • On-Pump: In this approach, a heart-lung bypass machine is connected to the heart, temporarily assuming the functions of the heart and lungs. The machine circulates blood throughout the body, diverting it away from the heart. The surgeon then performs the operation on a heart that is not beating and lacks blood flow. After the surgery, the surgeon disconnects the device, allowing the heart to resume its normal function.
  • Off-Pump: Off-pump bypass surgery is performed on a heart that continues to beat independently. This technique is specifically applicable to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery, commonly known as bypass surgery. Surgeons may refer to this as beating-heart surgery.

Pre-Evaluation For Open Heart Surgery

In preparation for Open Heart Surgery, it is crucial to adhere to your healthcare provider's guidance regarding:

  • Medications: Your healthcare provider may recommend discontinuing certain medications a week or two before the surgery. This often includes blood thinners (such as aspirin, warfarin, or other anticoagulants) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as they can heighten the risk of bleeding.
  • Food & drinks: Your healthcare team will advise you to fast, refraining from eating or drinking before the surgery. An empty stomach enhances the safety of anesthesia.
  • Smoking & alcohol: It is advisable to reduce alcohol intake and cease smoking before the surgery. Both habits can impede post-surgical healing and elevate the risk of complications.

Before undergoing Open Heart Surgery, you can anticipate the following preparations:

  • Diagnostic tests: Chest X-rays, an electrocardiogram (EKG), or other tests will be conducted to assist the surgeon in planning the procedure.
  • Chest preparation: Your chest may be shaved in preparation for the surgery.
  • Surgical area sterilization: The surgical site will be sterilized using antimicrobial soap to eliminate bacteria.
  • Intravenous line (IV): An intravenous line will be established in your arm to administer fluids and medications.

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How Is Open Heart Surgery Done?

Heart surgery is an intricate procedure which may extend for six hours or more. Throughout the surgery, you will be under anesthesia, ensuring you are asleep and unaware of the proceedings.

In the operating theater during Open Heart Surgery, a collaborative team of healthcare professionals, including doctors, works together. The team typically comprises:

  • The lead surgeon, who oversees other assisting surgeons during the operation
  • The anesthesiologist, responsible for administering anesthesia and monitoring vital signs
  • The pump team, also known as perfusionists, who operate the heart-lung machine and other technical equipment essential for supporting open heart surgery 
  • Nurses and technicians who assist the surgical team and ensure the operating theater is prepared for the surgery

The specific steps of the open heart surgery vary based on the heart condition and the nature of the procedure. Your surgeon will proceed in following manner:

  1. An incision, typically 6 to 8 inches in length, will be made down the middle of your chest
  2. The doctor will cut the breastbone and spread the ribcage apart to gain access to your heart
  3. If the open heart surgery involves the use of an on-pump technique, the heart is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. An anesthesiologist administers intravenous medication to halt your heart's beating and monitors your condition throughout the surgery
  4. Heart repairing will be performed
  5. Restores blood flow to the heart. Typically, the heart resumes beating on its own, but occasionally a mild electrical shock may be applied to restart it.
  6. Disconnects the heart-lung bypass machine.
  7. Closes the breastbone or other incision using wires or sutures that remain in your body.
  8. Utilizes stitches to close the skin incision.

Complications Of Open Heart Surgery

Open Heart Surgery is a major surgical intervention, and like any surgical procedure, it comes with inherent risks. The likelihood of complications is higher for individuals with existing health issues such as diabetes or obesity. Conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that affect the lungs can also elevate the risk. Additionally, those who smoke are more susceptible to both surgical and post-surgical complications.

Potential risks associated with Open Heart Surgery are:

  • Allergic reactions to anesthesia
  • Arrhythmias, characterized by an irregular heartbeat
  • Bleeding
  • Damage to surrounding blood vessels or organs, including the lungs or kidneys
  • Infections
  • Stroke

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Post-Procedure

Depending on the specific procedure, your stay in the hospital intensive care unit (ICU) may extend for a day or more. Once you are deemed ready, you will be transferred to a standard hospital room. You can a hospital stay of several days, during which your heart care team will provide instructions on caring for your incision. You might be provided with a specialized firm pillow to safeguard your chest when coughing, sneezing, or getting out of bed.
Post-surgery, you may encounter:

  • Constipation, which is a common side effect of potent pain relievers
  • Feelings of depression or mood swings
  • Insomnia or difficulty sleeping
  • Loss of appetite
  • Memory problems
  • Muscle pain in the chest area
  • Pain, bruising, and slight swelling at the incision site

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Life After Open Heart Surgery

The duration of recovery after open heart surgery depends on factors such as the type of surgery, potential complications, and your pre-surgery health. Recovering from an open-heart procedure may take anywhere from 6 to 12 weeks, and in some cases, even longer.

Your surgeon will provide guidance on when you can resume work and other activities. Generally, it is advised to refrain from driving or lifting heavy objects for the initial six weeks.

Some individuals may require blood thinners post-open heart surgery to mitigate the risk of blood clots. Additionally, your healthcare provider might suggest participation in cardiac rehabilitation, a supervised program aimed at helping you regain strength and stamina while enhancing overall heart health.

Success Rate Of Open Heart Surgery

Open Heart Surgery, despite its complexity, boasts a remarkably low risk of mortality. In a 2013 study, the in-hospital mortality rate was as low as 2.94 percent. The positive outlook continues with impressive survival rates that vary depending on the specific procedure and the extent of issues addressed during the operation. However, its important to highlight that while this surgery may carry more risk for individuals who are severely ill or have underlying medical conditions, the overall survival rates underscore its success in providing positive outcomes. Success rates of various open heart surgeries are mentioned below:

  • Mitral valve repair for mitral valve prolapse exhibits 100% survival rate
  • Aortic valve replacement demonstrates 98.1% survival rate
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) shows 97.8% survival rate

Treatment Cost Analysis & Comparison For Open Heart Surgery

The cost of Open Heart Surgery in India is generally more affordable than Western nations, while still maintaining world-class quality. The typical price range for such procedures in India spans from Rs. 75,000 to Rs. 1,00,000 ($939 - $1252).

Location

Minimum Cost ($)

Average Cost ($)

Maximum Cost ($)

Delhi

$2047

$2730

$3072

Mumbai

$2122

$2831

$3184

Chennai

$1840

$2455

$2762

Hyderabad

$1784

$2380

$2677

The comparative cost of Open Heart Surgery in India with respect to other countries:

Location

Minimum Cost ($)

Average Cost ($)

Maximum Cost ($)

US

90,000

1,45,000

2,00,000

UK

40,000 

70,000

1,00,000

Germany

40,000 

70,000

1,00,000

Japan

30,000 

70,000

80,000

China

30,000 

55,000

80,000

Factors Affecting Cost Of Open Heart Surgery

Following are the factors affecting cost of Open Heart Surgery in India:

  • Out of pocket expense
  • Health insurance coverage
  • Consultation fees
  • Pre Surgical expenses
  • Surgery cost
  • Hospital fees
  • Doctor fees
  • Patients age
  • Type of heart disease
  • Type of surgery
  • Overall health status of the patients
  • Complications involved after the surgery
  • City where hospital is located

Cost Of Diagnostics For Open Heart Surgery

The expenses associated with the preliminary assessments and examinations conducted prior to the Open Heart Surgery might cover various diagnostic procedures. These additional charges encompass tests such as X-rays, CT scans (computed tomography), MRI scans (magnetic resonance imaging), pulmonary function tests (PFTs), carotid doppler/ultrasound studies (carotids), ankle-brachial index (ABIs), surface echocardiograms (Echo), vein mapping, trans-esophageal echocardiograms (TEE), ECG-gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (stress test), heart catheterization (Cath), cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and other diagnostic evaluations. The total expenses for these tests can vary between INR 1,00,000 and INR 1,50,000.

Our Services

MedFlick, your trusted healthcare companion, is dedicated to ensuring that your medical journey goes as smoothly and successfully as possible.

  • Individualized Guidance: Personalized guidance throughout your medical journey.
  • Access to a broad network of prominent hospitals, top doctors, and skilled surgeons.
  • Transparent and Competitive Pricing: A full breakdown of treatment costs that eliminates surprises and offers you cost-effective solutions.
  • MedFlick provides everything from travel arrangements to hotel and visa help to lodging.
  • Multilingual Support: Breaking down language barriers to allow patients and medical professionals to communicate more effectively.
  • The road to a successful open heart surgery is challenging, full of hope, resilience, and the promise of a brighter future. With MedFlick as your guide, navigating this life-changing adventure becomes simple and liberating.

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Frequently asked questions

Are there specific medications I need to stop before Open Heart Surgery?
How long does recovery take after Open Heart Surgery?
When can I return to work and normal activities?
What Post-Surgery symptoms might I experience?
How successful is Open Heart Surgery in treating specific heart conditions?
What is the risk of Mortality associated with Open Heart Surgery?
Can I expect improvements in my overall heart health after Open Heart Surgery?
Will I need special care for my incision after Surgery?
Are there exercises or rehabilitation programs recommended after Open Heart Surgery?
Are there long-term effects of Open Heart Surgery?