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Oral/Mouth Cancer presents a significant health dilemma for nations in the midst of economic transformation. On a global scale, Oral/Mouth Cancer ranks as the sixth most prevalent form of Cancer, with India accounting for nearly a third of this burden and standing as the second-highest country in terms of Oral/Mouth Cancer cases. Annually, India reports approximately 77,000 new cases and 52,000 fatalities, constituting roughly a quarter of the worldwide total.
Disturbingly, in India, a substantial 60–80% of oral/mouth cancer patients are diagnosed in advanced stages of the disease, compared to only 40% in developed nations. This late-stage detection contributes significantly to an elevated mortality rate. Furthermore, the financial strain imposed on patients during oral/mouth cancer treatment is substantial, prompting a considerable number of individuals to discontinue treatment prematurely, which further exacerbates the mortality rate. This emphasizes the critical importance of timely detection and early initiation of treatment.
In the context of India, Oral/Mouth Cancer care facilities possess significant capabilities, enabling the implementation of a thorough approach that facilitates accurate and prompt diagnosis. Furthermore, these institutions have the capacity to tailor treatment strategies to align with the specific needs of individual patients, ultimately resulting in markedly improved treatment outcomes.
Indias healthcare system leverages reduced labour and infrastructure expenses, allowing healthcare facilities to offer their services at more cost-effective rates. Furthermore, the presence of highly skilled medical professionals, coupled with a competitive market environment, fosters economically streamlined methods. Additionally, India's robust pharmaceutical industry often produces generic medications, further driving down the overall cost of healthcare treatment. Consequently, individuals have the option to access best hospital for oral/mouth cancer treatment and the best doctor for oral/mouth cancer treatment in India.
Cancer is defined as the unregulated proliferation of cells that infiltrate and damage nearby tissues. Oral/Mouth Cancer typically begins with the appearance of a small, unfamiliar, and unexplained growth or lesion in various parts of the mouth, such as the lips, cheeks, sinuses, tongue, hard and soft palate, and the base of the mouth, extending into the oropharynx.
The specific type of Oral/Mouth Cancer you have is determined by the type of cells in which the Cancer originated.
The treatment approach largely depends on the precise location of the Cancer within the mouth. Oral/Mouth Cancer depending upon the areas where the Cancer can originate include:
The primary factors that increase the risk of developing most Oral/Mouth Cancer are the use of tobacco and alcohol. Additional risk factors may encompass:
Oral/Mouth Cancer treatment is essential for several reasons:
Life-threatening Condition: Oral/Mouth Cancer is a potentially life-threatening disease. If left untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body, leading to more severe health complications and a higher risk of death
Preventing Cancer Spread: Early treatment is crucial in preventing the cancer from advancing to a more advanced stage or metastasizing to other organs. Timely intervention can limit the extent of the disease
Quality of Life: Oral/mouth cancer can cause significant discomfort and pain, affecting a person's ability to eat, speak, and perform daily activities. Treatment aims to alleviate these symptoms and improve the patient's quality of life
Functional Restoration: Surgery and other treatments may be required to remove cancerous growths or affected tissues. These interventions can help restore normal mouth function and appearance
Survival Rates: The prognosis for oral/mouth cancer is generally better when detected and treated at an early stage. Early treatment increases the chances of a successful outcome and long-term survival
Psychological Well-being: Oral/mouth cancer diagnosis can be emotionally challenging. Treatment not only addresses the physical aspects of the disease but also provides emotional support and counselling to help patients cope with the psychological impact
Prevent Recurrence: Completing the prescribed treatment regimen is vital in reducing the risk of cancer recurrence. Post-treatment surveillance and follow-up care are also essential to monitor for any signs of recurrence
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Main types of Oral/Mouth Cancer treatment modalities are:
A pre-evaluation for oral/mouth cancer typically involves a comprehensive examination conducted by a healthcare professional, often a dentist or oral surgeon. Here are the core elements of this pre-evaluation for oral/mouth cancer:
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Treatment for Oral/Mouth Cancer is determined by several factors, including the cancer's location and stage, your overall health, and your personal preferences. Various treatment modalities include:
Surgery: Surgical procedures for Oral/Mouth Cancer can include:
Tumour removal: This entails cutting away the tumor along with a margin of healthy surrounding tissue to ensure all cancer cells are removed. Minor surgery may suffice for smaller cancers, while larger tumours may require more extensive procedures, potentially involving the removal of jawbone or parts of the tongue.
Neck dissection: If cancer has spread to neck lymph nodes or there's a high risk of it, your surgeon may recommend removing lymph nodes and related tissue in the neck. This procedure helps eliminate any cancer cells that may have spread and determines if additional treatment is necessary.
Reconstructive surgery: After tumour removal, reconstructive surgery may be advised to restore mouth function for speaking and eating. This can involve grafting skin, muscle, or bone from other areas of your body, and dental implants might be used for tooth replacement.
Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy employs high-energy beams, such as X-rays and protons, to destroy cancer cells. It can be administered externally from a machine or internally via radioactive seeds or wires placed near the cancer. Radiation therapy is often used after surgery or, in early-stage cases, as a standalone treatment. It may also be combined with chemotherapy, enhancing its effectiveness but potentially increasing side effects.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy employs chemicals to kill cancer cells and can be administered alone or in combination with other drugs or treatments. It may enhance the efficacy of radiation therapy.
Targeted Drug Therapy: Targeted drugs specifically target aspects of cancer cells that drive their growth. They can be used alone or alongside chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Cetuximab (Erbitux) is an example of a targeted therapy for certain oral/mouth cancer cases. It interferes with a protein found in cancer cells, inhibiting their growth. Side effects may include skin rash, itching, headache, diarrhoea, and infections.
Immunotherapy: Immunotherapy harnesses your immune system to combat cancer by disrupting the mechanisms that shield cancer cells from immune system attacks. Typically reserved for advanced and treatment-resistant Oral/Mouth Cancer, immunotherapy aims to overcome the immune evasion tactics of cancer cells.
Treatment for Oral/Mouth Cancer can effectively combat the disease, but it can also give rise to various complications, which can vary depending on the specific treatment modality and individual factors. Here are some typical complications associated with oral/mouth cancer treatment:
After undergoing various oral/mouth cancer treatment methods, it is essential to follow a comprehensive post-procedure care plan to optimize recovery and address potential complications. Here is an overview of post-procedure care for different treatment approaches:
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Individuals with oral/mouth cancer are at risk of cancer recurrence and the development of new cancers in the head and neck region. Therefore, they require close monitoring following treatment. Your healthcare team will determine the appropriate tests and their frequency based on factors such as the cancer type and stage, the treatment modality received, and the likelihood of cancer recurrence.
After completing your treatment, you will likely have ongoing follow-up appointments with your doctor for several years. Attending all of these follow-up visits is crucial. During these appointments, your medical team will inquire about any issues you may be experiencing, conduct physical examinations, and may order endoscopies, lab tests, or imaging studies to detect signs of cancer recurrence, new cancers, or treatment-related side effects.
Most Cancer treatments can lead to side effects, some of which may persist for a few weeks to several months, while others can last a lifetime. Certain side effects may not manifest until years after treatment completion. Your doctor visits provide an opportunity to seek clarification, discuss any changes or concerns you've noticed, and ask questions.
Promptly reporting any new symptoms to your doctor is of utmost importance. Doing so can aid in the early detection of recurrent or new cancers when they are in their early stages and more manageable.
You may be instructed for following:
Endoscopy: Your endoscopy examinations will occur at the following intervals:
The 5-year relative survival rates for individuals diagnosed with oral/mouth cancer or oropharyngeal (the region of the throat behind the mouth) cancers between 2012 and 2018 are as follows:
|5-Year Relative Survival Rate
|5-Year Relative Survival Rate
|5-Year Relative Survival Rate
|5-Year Relative Survival Rate
If you or someone dear to you is embarking on the challenging path to conquer cancer, it's heartening to discover that the expenses associated with treating Oral/Mouth Cancer in India are exceptionally reasonable, while the quality of healthcare services remains at the forefront of global standards.
|Minimum Cost ($)
|Average Cost ($)
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Nonetheless, the cost of Oral/Mouth Cancer treatment in India might fluctuate contingent on the subsequent key aspects:
The cost of Oral/Mouth Cancer diagnostics are:
INR 5000-25000 (USD 64 - 322)
Ultrasound Scan of the Neck
INR 700-1300 (USD 9 - 17)
INR 200-500 (USD 2.58 - 6.45)
Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) of the lymph nodes
INR 2000-3000 (USD 25 - 38)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan
INR 2400 - 6500 (USD 30 - 83.79)
Computerized Tomography (CT) Scan
INR 1000-4500 (USD 12.89 - 58)
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Cancer is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth invading and impairing adjacent tissues. In...