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Angiogram

Avg Price: $106-$1840

An angiogram is a diagnostic method that uses X-ray images to detect potential blockages within your blood vessels, whether Arteries or Veins. This test enables healthcare p...
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  • Recovery Time

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Angiogram: Preparation, Procedure, Recovery, Treatment Outcomes, & Cost Analysis

95% Success Rate
11000+ Doctors
150+ Top Hospitals
250+ Surgeries
35+ Countries
95% Success Rate
11000+ Doctors
150+ Top Hospitals
250+ Surgeries
35+ Countries

Overview

An Angiogram is a diagnostic tool that is typically recommended when there are indications of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD), such as Chest Pain. It is often suggested when other tests like an electrocardiogram (ECG) have hinted at the possibility of CAD.  As per a 2005 report from the World Health Organization (WHO), Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) was responsible for 17.5 million fatalities, constituting 30% of the total 58 million deaths globally. In the past two decades, there has been a troubling surge in the prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases, particularly CAD, and associated fatalities in countries like India and other nations in South Asia. The incidence of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) among Indians residing in India is 21.4% for individuals with diabetes and 11% for those without diabetes. This emphasizes the high requirement for diagnostic tools such as Angiogram to support timely treatment.

Approximately 250,000 Coronary Angiograms are conducted annually. The primary aim of an this procedure is to precisely locate blockages and determine the appropriate course of action. The precision in pinpointing blockage locations ensures that the treatment is targeted and tailored to the individual patients needs, optimizing the effectiveness of interventions and ultimately contributing to improved outcomes in the management of CAD.

India boasts numerous healthcare facilities that hold certifications from ISO, JCI, and NABH. Some of the world's leading heart surgeons practice in the country. Patients can be assured of high standards in medical imaging techniques like angiogram, eliminating concerns about quality. The proficiency of Indian doctors and nurses in fluent English ensures seamless communication throughout the medical experience. Therefore, people worldwide have excellent chances to access these services from the best doctors for angiogram and best hospitals for angiogram in India. If you're seeking insight, today, we'll shed light on this procedure and its details.

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Types Of Angiogram

There are various types of angiograms, each designed to visualize specific blood vessels or areas of the body. The choice of the procedure depends on the suspected medical condition and the area of the body that needs evaluation. Some common types include:

  • Coronary Angiogram (Cardiac Angiography): It focuses on the coronary arteries of the heart to assess blood flow and detect blockages or narrowing.
  • Peripheral Angiogram: It examines blood vessels outside the heart, typically in the legs, arms, or neck, to identify blockages or abnormalities.
  • Cerebral Angiogram (Brain Angiography): It targets blood vessels in the brain to evaluate conditions such as aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), or blockages.
  • Pulmonary Angiogram: It examines the blood vessels in the lungs to detect blood clots or other issues.
  • Renal Angiogram: It focuses on the blood vessels in the kidneys to identify blockages or abnormalities.
  • Aortic Angiogram: It examines the aorta, the main artery of the body, to assess for aneurysms, blockages, or other conditions.
  • Mesenteric Angiogram: It targets blood vessels supplying the intestines to identify blockages or other issues.
  • Visceral Angiogram: It examines blood vessels in the abdominal organs, such as the liver or spleen, to detect abnormalities.
  • Carotid Angiogram: It focuses on the carotid arteries in the neck to assess blood flow to the brain and detect blockages.
  • Selective Organ Angiograms: These may include procedures specific to particular organs, such as the liver or spleen, based on clinical needs.

Pre-Evaluation For Angiogram

Before undergoing your Angiogram test, your healthcare provider may will review your medical history, do a thorough examination, and conduct a blood test to assess your blood clotting function and ensure proper kidney function. Always consult your provider before discontinuing any medication, especially antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants. Adhere to the following guidelines from midnight the night before your test if approved by your provider:

  • Avoid taking aspirin or any aspirin-containing products
  • Refrain from using blood thinners like dipyridamole or warfarin (Coumadin® or Jantoven®) within 72 hours before and 24 hours after the test
  • Abstain from taking clopidogrel for five days before the procedure
  • Continue taking all other medications as usual
  • For individuals with diabetes, seek instructions from your provider regarding the administration of insulin and/or other medications
  • Refrain from eating after midnight the night before the angiogram. If undergoing general anesthesia, avoid consuming any food or drink after midnight
  • On the day of your procedure, limit your breakfast to clear liquids, including clear broth, tea, black coffee, and ginger ale

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How Is Angiogram Done?

You may expect following during the procedure:

  1. During the procedure, you lie on your back on an X-ray table, and safety straps may secure your chest and legs due to potential table tilting. X-ray cameras maneuver around your head and chest for capturing images from various angles.
  2. An IV line is placed in your arm for administering a sedative, along with other medications and fluids to induce relaxation. Though you may become very sleepy and possibly drift off, you remain easily awakenable to follow instructions.
  3. Electrodes are placed on your chest monitor your heart, while a blood pressure cuff and a pulse oximeter track your blood pressure and oxygen levels, respectively.
  4. A minor amount of hair may be removed from the groin or arm, the designated site for catheter insertion. After cleansing and disinfecting, a local anesthetic injection numbs the area.
  5. A small incision is made, and a plastic tube (sheath) is inserted into your artery. The catheter is then threaded through the sheath into your blood vessel and carefully guided to your heart or coronary arteries.
  6. Catheter threading should be painless, and you shouldn't feel its movement. Inform your healthcare team if any discomfort arises.
  7. Contrast dye is injected through the catheter, potentially causing a fleeting sensation of warmth or flushing. Report any pain or discomfort to your healthcare team.
  8. The dye, visible on X-ray images, allows your doctor to observe blood flow and detect blockages or narrowed areas. Depending on findings, additional catheter procedures like balloon angioplasty or stent placement may be performed concurrently. Other noninvasive tests, such as ultrasound, may aid in evaluating identified blockages.
  9. The angiogram typically lasts about an hour, potentially longer if combined with other cardiac catheterization procedures. Time for preparation and post-procedure care may extend the overall duration.

Complications Of Angiogram

Following are the potential risks associated with Cardiac Catheterization and Angiograms:

  • Allergic reactions to the local anesthetic, contrast dye, or sedative
  • Bleeding, bruising, or soreness at the insertion site
  • Blood clots
  • Injury to an artery or vein
  • Damage to the hearts walls
  • Acute kidney failure
  • Infection
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Although highly unlikely, there's a remote possibility of a heart attack or stroke

Individuals with a history of allergic reactions to contrast dye may need preventive medication taken at least 24 hours before the procedure. To mitigate the risk of an allergic reaction entirely, doctors may opt for an alternative method instead of the traditional Angiogram.

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Post-Procedure

Your healthcare provider will remove the catheter and apply a bandage to the puncture site on your skin. They will apply pressure to the bandaged area for a minimum of 15 minutes to halt or prevent bleeding. If the catheter was inserted through your leg, it's advisable to rest in bed for four to six hours, reducing the likelihood of bleeding from the incision.

Before you leave, your provider will assess your condition and provide you with instructions for at-home care.

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Life After Angiogram

You may expect following after undergoing Angiogram:

  • You should be able to return home on the same day, even if angioplasty and stenting were performed.
  • As anesthesia was administered, it's necessary to have someone drive you home.
  • Upon returning home, refrain from lifting anything heavier than 10 pounds or engaging in stooping or bending for the next two days to prevent incision bleeding.
  • It is advisable to have a responsible adult stay with you overnight after the procedure.
  • While many individuals can recover at home, some may need to spend the night in the hospital following the angiogram.
  • For individuals with diabetes, it's recommended to abstain from taking metformin (Glucophage or Foramet) for 48 hours post-test to minimize the risk of kidney complications.

Success Rate Of Angiogram

Angiogram risks are minimal, with complications typically occurring in less than 1% of cases, primarily in the area where your healthcare provider accessed your artery through the skin. According to National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, the older adults and individuals with specific medical conditions, such as chronic kidney disease or diabetes, may have a slightly higher risk of complications following an angiogram. A study conducted from August 2012 to July 2013 aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of angiography in 2845 patients. The results revealed an impressive success rate of 97.6% for coronary angiography. Notably, only a minimal number of patients experienced minor hematoma (0.25%), and a small percentage (1.7%) encountered reduced radial pulse 3-4 hours post-procedure.

Treatment Cost Analysis & Comparison For Angiogram

The cost of Angiogram in India is generally more affordable than Western nations, while still maintaining world-class quality. The average price for such procedures in India is INR 25,000 (USD 313).

Location

Minimum Cost ($)

Average Cost ($)

Maximum Cost ($)

Delhi

$122

$341

$1775

Mumbai

$127

$354

$1840

Chennai

$110

$307

$1595

Hyderabad

$106

$297

$1547

The comparative cost of Angiogram in India with respect to other countries:

Location

Average Cost ($)

US

$28,200

Singapore

$13,400

Turkey

$4,800

Malaysia

$8000

Poland

$5,300

Factors Affecting Cost Of Angiogram

Following are the factors affecting cost of Angiogram in India:

  • Out of pocket expense
  • Health insurance coverage
  • Consultation fees
  • Pre Surgical expenses
  • Surgery cost
  • Hospital fees
  • Doctor fees
  • Patients age
  • Severity of vessel blockage
  • Type of angiogram
  • Overall health status of the patients
  • Complications involved after the surgery
  • City where hospital is located

Cost Of Diagnostics For Angiogram

The expenses associated with the preliminary assessments and examinations conducted prior to the angiogram might cover various diagnostic procedures. These additional charges encompass tests such as blood tests, ECG, and other diagnostic evaluations. The total expenses for these tests can vary between INR 1000 and INR 1500.

Our Services

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  • Individualized Guidance: Personalized guidance throughout your medical journey.
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  • Transparent and Competitive Pricing: A full breakdown of treatment costs that eliminates surprises and offers you cost-effective solutions.
  • MedFlick provides everything from travel arrangements to hotel and visa help to lodging.
  • Multilingual Support: Breaking down language barriers to allow patients and medical professionals to communicate more effectively.
  • The road to a successful angiogram is challenging, full of hope, resilience, and the promise of a brighter future. With MedFlick as your guide, navigating this life-changing adventure becomes simple and liberating.

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Frequently asked questions

Will I feel pain during the angiogram?
How long does the angiogram procedure take?
What happens after the angiogram?
Can I go home on the same day as the angiogram?
Are there age or health-related factors that might increase the risk of complications?
Are there any restrictions after the angiogram?
Can I drive myself home after the angiogram?
How soon can I resume normal activities after the angiogram?
Is there any discomfort during the threading of the catheter?
What should I do if I have diabetes and take metformin?