Know Common Skin Diseases and Conditions Appropriately

icon-blog By -Dr. Kanika Sharma
icon-blog By -January 19, 2024
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Know Common Skin Diseases and Conditions Appropriately

Skin diseases pose a significant health challenge, impacting the lives of a number of people globally. Beyond the physical implications, these conditions often impose a profound emotional and psychological toll on patients. Globally, skin diseases account for 1.79% of the overall disease burden and stand as the fourth leading cause of non-fatal disease burden. Heightened awareness, particularly among the youth, regarding body image and beauty standards further compounds the anxiety associated with these conditions.

As the outermost organ of the human body, the skin is constantly exposed to diverse environmental factors. These factors play a crucial role in disrupting the homeostasis of physiological skin function, occasionally triggering an inflammatory response as the skin adapts to external stimuli.

Various elements contribute to the patterns and prevalence of cutaneous diseases, including gender, race, personal hygiene, quality of skin care, environmental surroundings, and dietary habits. Interestingly, some patients suffer from skin lesions as a manifestation of nervous tensions stemming from interpersonal conflicts or unresolved emotional issues.

Understanding the association between skin inflammation and internal physiological factors can lead the people to recognise and overcome the challenges of changing their daily habits to manage inflammatory skin conditions. 

Beyond pharmaceutical interventions, lifestyle-related guidance may play a crucial role in both managing existing skin conditions and preventing the onset of such diseases. Exploring skin disorders and their underlying causative factors empowers individuals to stay informed and proactively manage their skin conditions for optimal well-being. Read this article to get more insights.

Long-Lasting Skin Diseases and Conditions

Many skin disorders can persist throughout a person's life. Some may start in childhood and carry on until maturity. In certain instances, the symptoms appear occasionally but flare up at certain times. Following are some of the long lasting skin diseases and conditions:

1. Seborrheic Dermatitis

Doctors frequently refer to seborrhoeic dermatitis in infants as "cradle cap." The baby's skin develops greasy, scaly patches, usually on their scalp. Adults can develop seborrhoeic dermatitis anywhere on their body. Throughout life, it is likely to flare up and then go away. The skin that is affected might look greasy, swollen, and red. And the skin's surface may develop a crust that is either white or yellow. Numerous therapies can aid in symptom relief. Using a medicated cream and a specific shampoo may be necessary for treating seborrhoeic dermatitis.

2. Moles

Skin cells aggregate with surrounding tissue to form specific growths, which are called moles. "Common moles" generally do no damage.
Regularly check moles for physical changes, such as enlargement or color change. For the purpose of screening for skin cancer, anyone noticing changes should notify their doctor.

3. Rosacea

Most frequently, rosacea results in facial redness. The afflicted area may be warmer and darker than the surrounding skin in those with dark complexion. Rosacea does not have a known cure. OTC or oral anti-inflammatory drug therapy is used by doctors to treat the symptoms.

4. Lupus

Lupus is an intricate autoimmune disease. Pain and inflammation are its common symptoms. However, each individual may experience different effects. Any region of the body can be impacted by lupus. Skin symptoms include red areas or rings, cheeks and nose rashes that resemble sunburns, and round, painless rashes. They may be accompanied by headaches, fever, exhaustion, and painful, swollen, or stiff joints.

5. Psoriasis

Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition. Itchy skin patches with an odd appearance are common symptoms. Psoriasis-affected skin areas can differ in size and severity.The affected areas in a person with white skin are usually pink or red in color and covered in white scales. Violet, gray, or dark brown patches are common among African Americans.

6. Eczema

Although it can appear in adulthood, eczema typically appears in early childhood. Atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis are two of the varieties.

7. Vitiligo

Vitiligo induces loss of skin pigmentation. There are several types. It is characterized by the appearance of white patches on the skin, typically in areas exposed to sunlight.

Temporary Skin Diseases and Conditions

Certain skin conditions improve over time or with the appropriate treatment. Following are some temporary skin diseases and conditions:

1. Acne

Of all the skin conditions, acne is the most prevalent. Usually, people can use medication to treat acne. Hormone therapy may be necessary in certain situations for females. Furthermore, light therapy might work.

2. Hives

Hives are itchy, swollen bumps on the skin. They can be pinkish or reddish for those having a lighter complexion. An allergic reaction is typically the reason, but stress, illness, and friction, such as from tight clothing, can also be the cause. Antihistamines and corticosteroids are commonly used as treatments.

3. Warts

The human papillomavirus (HPV) causes transmittable warts. These welts may show up anywhere on the body, but they are most commonly found on the hands, feet, and joints. They are typically the same or darker than a person's skin color. Warts can sometimes go away on their own, but your doctor may advise you to get them removed, depending on their nature and location.

Internal Skin Conditions

Certain diseases of the skin affect the deeper layers of the skin. These are:


Carbuncles can form when Staphylococcus aureus bacteria infect hair follicles. Carbuncles can rapidly swell due to pus buildup. Tiredness, lump itchiness, and fever are some of the other symptoms.


Cellulitis is an illness caused by bacteria that affects the deeper layers of the skin. It grows quickly and spreads rapidly all over the body. The skin that is harmed may be red, swollen, hot, painful, or tender. Cellulitis appears most commonly in the legs, but it can develop anywhere in the body.

Age-Related Skin Conditions

Many skin problems are more likely to develop at specific stages of life. These are:

In Children

  1. Measles:Measles is a highly contagious, airborne viral disease. Measles symptoms include a red or brown rash that spreads down the body. Other symptoms are a fever, watery eyes, nasal congestion, a cough, and tiny reddish spots in your mouth.
  2. Impetigo:This transmissible infection caused by bacteria is among the most prevalent skin diseases in young kids. It typically results in itchy sores and blisters surrounding the mouth and other areas of the face. These sores then burst, leaving a crust. The crust dries, leaving a red mark that dissipates without scarring. Antibiotics are commonly used as treatment.
  3. Hemangiomas:Hemangiomas are benign tumors that typically develop on an infant's face, neck, or head. They start off as tiny lumps or scratches and gradually enlarge to become bigger growths. In addition to the skin, other organs can also develop them; the liver is a common site.
  4. Dermatomyositis:An extremely uncommon inflammatory skin disease, dermatomyositis, is typically observed in adults between the ages of 40 and 60 and in children between the ages of 5 and 15. Muscle weakness, inflammation, and a reddish-purple rash on the face, elbows, nails, or chest are typical symptoms.

In Adults

The risk for acquiring one of the following diseases rises with increases with age:

  1. Shingles:People can develop shingles from the varicella-zoster virus, which additionally triggers chickenpox. When an individual recovers from chickenpox, typically in childhood, the virus remains in their body and spreads to the nerves. It may reactivate later in life, resulting in shingles. This happens most frequently in older people.
  2. Seborrheic keratosis:These skin bumps frequently appear with age and are harmless in nature. They can be black, dark brown, or yellow, and they may cause a bumpy patch of skin.
  3. Age spots:Age spots, also known as liver spots, are flat and contain more pigment than the skin around them. Individuals with lighter complexions usually develop them as a result of long-term sun exposure.


While some skin conditions only cause minor symptoms, others can have more severe side effects like discomfort and distress. It's critical to keep in mind that nobody must handle skin problems on their own. Communicating with a medical professional, like a dermatologist, can ensure an accurate diagnosis and the most effective course of treatment.
Click here to avail expert medical advice on skin diseases.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ's)

How can I cure my skin problems?

Rather than treating your skin condition yourself, reach out to your doctor or dermatologist to get an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan for your skin disease.

Which is a serious skin disease?

Most serious skin condition is skin cancer. Melanomas are the most dangerous skin cancers. If you suspect any change in your skin texture and pigmentation, reach out to a skin specialist immediately.

When is a skin rash serious?

See a board-certified dermatologist right away if you have a rash and experience any of the following symptoms, or head to the emergency room: Your entire body is covered in rashes. A widespread rash and fever could be a sign of an infection or allergic reaction and both are serious conditions.

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